Equal Pay Act of 1963 Prohibits wage discrimination based on gender between men and women working in the same establishment under identical circumstances.
Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 Establishes minimum salaries, overtime pay, record-keeping, and child labor requirements for private sector and government employees.
Family Medical Leave Act Provides eligible workers with immediate, unpaid leave for medical reasons, the birth or adoption of a child, or the treatment of a child, spouse, or parent with a serious health condition.
California Wage and Hour Laws Minimum wage, different forms of employee leave, overtime, meals, and breaks are all covered by state wage and hour legislation.
Federal Government Agencies Enforcing Employment Laws
U.S. Commission on Civil Rights The United States Commission on Civil Rights investigates, analyzes, and reports on civil rights issues in the United States, as well as the enforcement of civil rights legislation and regulations by federal agencies.
Employees who disclose violations of various trucking, airline, nuclear power, pipeline, environmental, rail, consumer goods, and securities laws are covered by the Occupational Safety and Health Act and the whistleblowing provisions of sixteen other regulations administered by the Department of Labor's Occupational Safety and Health Administration.
U.S. Department of Justice Civil Rights Division The Civil Rights Division of the Department of Justice prosecutes criminal civil rights violations and enforces federal laws banning discrimination based on race, color, sex, disability, faith, and national origin.
Merit Systems Protection Board The Merit Systems Protection Board (MSPB) is an independent, bipartisan watchdog of the merit systems that federal workers are subjected to.
Office of Special Counsel The Office of Special Counsel (OSC) of the United States protects federal employees and candidates from illegal hiring practices, including retaliation for whistleblowing. The Hatch Act is also enforced by the OSC, and the Uniformed Services Job and Reemployment Rights Act guarantees the rights of federal employees who are military veterans or reservists.
Organizations Supporting Employee Rights
American Bar Association: Labor & Employment Section Lawyers on both sides of the labor and job bar are included in this section of the American Bar Association website. Their portal has a wealth of information on a variety of employment-related and other legal topics.
American Rights at Work American Rights at Work is a non-profit organization that fights for workers' rights, encourages workplace democracy, and calls for better labor laws.
Disability Rights Education and Defense Fund Disability Rights Education and Defense Fund is a national civil rights law and policy center dedicated to advancing people with disabilities' civil and human rights through legal advocacy, training, education, and legislation.
Equal Rights Advocates Equal Rights Advocates, a non-profit organization that uses impact litigation and advocacy to benefit women workers, in particular low-wage workers, women from immigrant communities and women of color.
National Partnership for Women and Families The National Partnership for Women and Families promotes workplace diversity, quality health care, and policies that help women and men balance work and family life through public education and advocacy.
National Women’s Law Center An association that works to advance opportunities for women and girls in education, jobs, family economic protection, and health by lobbying for and enforcing laws.
Legal Aid Society - Employment Law Center This website contains details about the Employment Law Center's services that help low-income Californians with problems such as workers' rights, disability rights at work, unemployment benefits, wage and hour claims, and more.
Workplace and Employment Issues for People with Disabilities - Video Series Six videos in American Sign Language (ASL) with English captioning about your rights. Deaf interpreters clarify concepts such as discrimination, fair housing, unemployment insurance, involuntary disability care, and leaves of absence to staff who are deaf or hard of hearing in the videos. Two of the videos are aimed directly at domestic abuse, sexual harassment, and stalking survivors. The Employment Law Center of the Legal Aid Society.
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